General References

These are papers we've found useful in our work. Several are classics, practically unavailable elsewhere. Links are to publishers' sites where they provide reasonable access to good quality searchable PDFs, and to local PDFs otherwise. Some of the latter contain annotations, which may be be useful to some readers, and are easily deleted if not. See Publications for papers originating from our lab.

Oculomotor Control & Extraocular Biomechanics

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4NkdWVUpQS1BJNkU/edit?usp=sharing Abramoff MD, Kalmann R, de Graaf MEL, Stilma JS, Mourits MP (2002). Rectus extraocular muscle paths and decompression surgery for graves orbitopathy: Mechanism of motility disturbances. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 43, isu 2, pgs 300-307.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-TrAOS-2009-BPX-and-BTX.pdf Anderson (2006). Increased extraocular muscle strength with direct injection of insulin-like growth factor IInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 47, isu 6, pgs 2461-2467.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4a3FPYV81b3NCU3c/edit?usp=sharing Angelaki DE, Hess BJ (2004). Control of eye orientation: Where does the brain's role end and the muscle's begin? European Journal of Neuroscience, vol 19, isu 1, pgs 1-10.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4eHd6ZjVDbnNIN2c/edit?usp=sharing Barmack NH, Bell CC, Rence BG (1971). Tension and rate of tension development during isometric responses of extraocular muscle. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 34, pgs 1072-1079.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Barmack NH (1977). Recruitment and suprathreshold frequency modulation of single extraocular muscle fibers in the rabbit. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 40, isu 4, pgs. 779-790.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Blodi FC, Van Allen MW (1957). Electromyography of extraocular muscles in fusional movements. Ophtal and Neurol Serv of the Veterans Admin Hosp, pgs. 136-144.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4VmN5bExjLTZHVU0/edit?usp=sharing Breinin GM (1955). The nature of vergence revealed by electromyography I. Accommodative and fusional vergence. AMA Archs Ophthal, pgs 407-409.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4SzJ1MTJFbjJrMWc/edit?usp=sharing Breinin GM (1957). The nature of vergence revealed by electromyography II. Accommodative and fusional vergence. AMA Archs Ophthal, vol 58, pgs 535-549.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4cDQtamw2Qm9aYlk/edit?usp=sharing Bruenech JR, Ruskell GL (2000). Myotendinous nerve endings in human infant and adult extraocular muscles. The Anatomical Record, vol 260, pgs 132–140.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bkIzNGdNYmhuZ00/edit?usp=sharing Bruenech JR, Ruskell GL (2001). Muscle spindles in extraocular muscles of human infants. Cells Tissue Organs, vol 169, pgs 388–394.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Buettner-Ennever JA, Akert K (1981). Medial rectus subgroups of the oculomotor nucleus and their abducens internuclear input in the monkey. J Comp Neurology, vol 197, pgs 17-27.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4cmQxbkJfV3lzLUU/view?usp=sharing Buettner-Ennever JA, Horn AK, Scherberger H, d'Ascanio P (2001). Motoneurons of twitch and nontwitch extraocular muscle fibers in the abducens, trochlear, and oculomotor nuclei of monkeys. J Comp Neurology, vol 438, pgs 318-335.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Buettner-Ennever JA, Horn AK (2002). Oculomotor system: A dual innervation of the eye muscles from the abducens, trochlear, and oculomotor nuclei. Movement Disorders, vol 17, suppl 2, pgs S2-S3.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bHFpaTd0SmJ4dlE/edit?usp=sharing Buettner-Ennever JA, Horn AK (2002). The neuroanatomical basis of oculomotor disorders: The dual motor control of extraocular muscles and its possible role in proprioception. Neuro-ophthalmology and neuro-otology, vol 15, pgs 35-43.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Buettner-Ennever JA, Horn AK, Graf W, Ugolini G (2002). Modern concepts of brainstem anatomy. From extraocular motoneurons to proprioceptive pathways. Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 956, pgs 75-84.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4X2xISlFlWWtnM1U/edit?usp=sharing Buettner-Ennever JA (2008). Mapping the oculomotor system. Progress in Brain Research, vol 171, pgs 3-11.
ClarkRA-2012 Clark RA, Demer JL (2012). Differential Lateral Rectus Compartmental Contraction during Ocular Counter-Rolling.  Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 53, num 6, pgs 2887-2896.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4X2xISlFlWWtnM1U/edit?usp=sharing Clement RA (1982). Computer simulation of extraocular muscle cooperation: An evaluation. Ophthalmology and Physiological Optics, vol 2, pgs 107-117.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4enlES05DYmt5czA/edit?usp=sharing Clement RA (1985). A comparison of different models of extraocular muscle cooperation. Ophthalmology and Physiological Optics, vol 5, pgs 165-170.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Clendaniel RA, Mays LE (1994). Characteristics of antidromically identified oculomotor internuclear neurons during vergence and versional eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 17, pgs 1111-1127.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4RWlGUTZfc0xITzQ/edit?usp=sharing Collins CC (1971). Orbital Mechanics. In The Control of Eye Movements, Academic Press: New York, pgs 283-335.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Collins CC, O'Meara D, Scott AB (1975). Muscle tension during unrestrained human eye movements. J Physiol (Lond), vol 245, isu 2, pgs 351-369.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Collins CC, Carlson MR, Scott AB, Jampolsky A (1981). Extraocular muscle forces in normal human subjects. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 20, isu 5, pgs 652-664.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4UVNnejZ4ZFZBc0U/edit?usp=sharing Cooper S, Eccles JC (1930). The isomeric responses of mammalian muscles. J of Physiol, vol 69, isu 4, pgs 377-385.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Crawford JD, Martinez-Trujillo JC, Klier EM (2003). Neural control of three-dimensional eye and head movements. Curr Opin Neurobiol, vol 13, isu 6, pgs 655-662.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf CullenKE, Chen-Huang C, McCrea RA (1993). Firing behavior of brain stem neurons during voluntary cancellation of the horizontal vestibuloocular reflex II. Eye movement related neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 70, isu 2, pgs 844-856.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bWpRM1F6cERhOE0/edit?usp=sharing Cullen KE, Galiana HL, Sylvestre PA (2000). Comparing extraocular motoneuron discharges during head-restrained saccades and head-unrestrained gaze shifts. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 83, pgs 630-637.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Demer JL (2001). Clarity of words and thoughts about strabismus. American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol 132, isu 5, pgs 757-759.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4MUVYVTVwVGlzRUU/edit?usp=sharing Demer JL (2004). Pivotal role of orbital connective tissues in binocular alignment and strabismus - The Friedenwald lecture. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 45, isu 3, pgs 729-738.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bzJIY19HdXp2Vzg/edit?usp=sharing
Demer JL (2006). Current concepts of mechanical and neural factors in ocular motility. Curr Opin Neurol, vol 19, isu 1, pgs 4-13.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Demer JL (2006). Evidence supporting extraocular muscle pulleys: Refuting the platygean view of extraocular muscle mechanics. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, vol 43, isu 5, pgs 296-305.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Demer JL, Kono R, Wright W (2003). Magnetic resonance imaging of human extraocular muscles in convergence. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 89, isu 4, pgs 2072-2085.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Demer JL, Oh SY, Poukens V (2000). Evidence for active control of rectus extraocular muscle pulleys. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 41, isu 6, pgs 1280-1290.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Dimitrova DM, Shall MS, Goldberg SJ (2002). Short-term effects of botulinum toxin on the lateral rectus muscle of the cat. Exp Brain Res, vol 147, isu 4, pgs 449-455.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4TElNMExqck9OTUk/edit?usp=sharing Dimitrova DM, Shall MS, Goldberg SJ (2003). Stimulation evoked eye movements with and without the lateral rectus muscle pulley. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 90, isu 6, pgs 3809-3815.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4SllKM3RTa2xnNFU/edit?usp=sharing Eberhorn AC, Buettner-Ennever JA, Horn AK (2006). Identification of motoneurons supplying multiply-or singly-innervated extraocular muscle fibers in the rat. Neuroscience, vol 137,pgs 891-903.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4eE5ZbU9Eb2lZWVk/edit?usp=sharing Enright JT (1992). The remarkable saccades of asymmetrical vergence. Vision Res, vol 32, isu 12, pgs 2261-2276.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4V0xSWXdTcGhFVW8/edit?usp=sharing Fuchs AF, Luschei ES (1970). Firing patterns of abducens neurons of alert monkeys in relationship to horizontal eye movement. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 3, pgs 382-392.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4V0xSWXdTcGhFVW8/edit?usp=sharing Fuchs AF, Luschei ES (1971). The activity of single trochlear nerve fibers during eye movements in the alert monkey. Exp Brain Res, vol 13, pgs 78-89.
Fuchs AF, Kaneko CR, Scudder CA (1985). Brainstem control of saccadic movements. Ann Rev Neurosci, vol 8, pgs 307-337.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4V0hjVU9pdEJ6UTQ/edit?usp=sharing Fuchs AF, Kaneko CR, Scudder CA (1988). Discharge patterns and recruitment order of identified motoneurons and internuclear neurons in the monkey abducens nucleus. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 60, isu 6, pgs 1874-1895.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Gamlin PD (2002). Neural mechanisms for the control of vergence eye movements. Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 956, pgs 264–272.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4UjVHWTY4TmNTc3c/edit?usp=sharing Gamlin PD, Gnadt JW, Mays LE (1989). Abducens internuclear neurons carry an inappropriate signal for ocular convergence. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 62, isu 1, pgs 70-81.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4R0NvNlFCYlVQdWM/edit?usp=sharing Gamlin PD, Gnadt JW, Mays LE (1989). Lidocaine-induced unilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia: Effects on convergence and conjugate eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 62, isu 1, pgs 82-95.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4RU9iR3lLWE1TR1U/edit?usp=sharing Gamlin PD, Mays LE (1992). Dynamic properties of medial rectus motoneurons during vergence eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 67, isu 1, pgs 64-74.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Gamlin PD, Mays LE (1995). Neuronal circuitry controlling the near response. Curr Op Neurobiology, vol 5, pgs 763-768.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4WXNIQnk1ZEFzUTQ/edit?usp=sharing Ghasia FF, Angelaki DE (2005). Do motoneurons encode the noncommutativity of ocular rotations? Neuron, vol 47, isu 2, pgs 281-293.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4MjlhTDJtWnE2OWs/edit?usp=sharing Gitelman DR, Parrish TB, LaBar KS, Mesulam MM (2000). Real-time monitoring of eye movements using infrared video-oculography during functional magnetic resonance imaging of the frontal eye fields. NeuroImage, vol 11, pgs 58-65.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Goldberg ME (2000). The control of gaze. In Principles of Neural Science, pub McGraw-Hill.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bkItaHh4bW9GTUU/edit?usp=sharing Goldberg SJ, Meredith MA, Shall MS (1998). Extraocular motor unit and whole-muscle responses in the lateral rectus muscle of the squirrel monkey. J Neurosci, vol 18, isu 24, pgs 10629-10639.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4VUY2UjI2eWFWMUU/edit?usp=sharing Goldberg SJ, Shall MS (1997). Lateral rectus whole muscle and motor unit contractile measures with the extraocular muscles intact. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol 78, isu 1-2, pgs 47-50.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Haslwanter T (1995). Mathematics of three-dimensional eye rotations. Vision Res, vol 35, isu 12, pgs 1727-1739.
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https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4TFRMTExyLVh4NnM/edit?usp=sharing Kernell D (1998). The final common pathway in postural control-Developmental perspective. Neurosci & Biobehav Rev, vol 22, isu 4, pgs 479-484.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf King WM, Lisberger SG, Fuchs AF (1986). Oblique saccadic eye movements of primatesJournal of Neurophysiology, vol 56, isu 3, pgs 769-784.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf King WM, Zhou W (2000). New ideas about binocular coordination of eye movements: Is there a chameleon in the primate family tree? Anat Rec, vol 261, pgs 153-161.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf King WM, Zhou W (2002). Neural basis of disjunctive eye movements. In Neurobiology of Eye Movements: from Molecules to Behavior, vol 956, pgs 273-283, cty New York: pub New York Acad Sciences.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4Z05oWmI0X08wNnc/edit?usp=sharing Klier EM, Meng H, Angelaki DE (2006). Three-dimensional kinematics at the level of the oculomotor plant. J Neurosci, vol 26, isu 10, pgs 2732-2737.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4UlZXWWFoRWF2QzQ/edit?usp=sharing Kono R, Clark RA, Demer JL (2002). Active pulleys: Magnetic resonance imaging of rectus muscle paths in tertiary gazes. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 43, isu 7, pgs 2179-2188.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4UlZXWWFoRWF2QzQ/edit?usp=sharing Koornneef, L. (1983). Orbital connective tissue. In Duane TD & Jaeger EA (Eds.), Biomedical foundations of ophthalmology (vol 1, pgs 1-23). Philadelphia: Harper & Row.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4M080d1BYTW4wSFU/edit?usp=sharing LangerT, Kaneko CR, Scudder CA, Fuchs AF (1986). Afferents to the abducens nucleus in the monkey and cat. J Comp Neurology, vol 245 isu 5, pgs 379-400.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4QVkyNzllTmtDVWM/edit?usp=sharing LemonRN (1993). Cortical control of the primate hand. Exp Physiol, vol 78, pgs 263-301.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4dktNcktuV043d0E/edit?usp=sharing Lennerstrand G, Schiavi C, Tian S, Benassi M. Campos EC (2006). Isometric force measured in human horizontal eye muscles attached to or detached from the globe. Graefes Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol 244, isu 5, pgs 539-544.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bUJzeVM4ZE1SWGs/edit?usp=sharing Ling L, Fuchs AF, Phillips JO, Freedman EG (1999). Apparent dissociation between saccadic eye movements and the firing patterns of premotor neurons and motoneurons. J Neurophysiol, vol 82, isu 5, pgs 2808-2811.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bkZaRlVPRHUtRU0/edit?usp=sharing Ling L, Phillips JO, Siebold C (2003). Examining the paradoxical relation between number of spikes and gaze amplitude in abducens neurons. Ann N Y Acad Sci, vol 1004, pgs 158-168.
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MartinezTrujilloJC-2005 Martinez-TrujilloJC (2005). Noncommutativity of eye rotations and the half-angle rule. Neuron, vol 47, num 2, pgs 171-173.
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https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4Ylc5Q3hvTVcwYjA/edit?usp=sharing Mays LE, Porter JD (1984). Neural control of vergence eye movements: Activity of abducens and oculomotor neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 52, isu 4, pgs 743-761.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4OURIektUVGhZemc/edit?usp=sharing Mays LE, Porter JD, Gamlin PD, Tello CA (1986). Neural control of vergence eye movements: Neurons encoding vergence velocity. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 56, isu 4, pgs 1007-1021.
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https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4VlJYQ2dBYmJ4S3c/edit?usp=sharing Oh SY, Poukens V, Demer JL (2001). Quantitative analysis of rectus extraocular muscle layers in monkey and humans. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 42, isu 1, pgs 10-16.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4d1dxdnFWOUV1dEk/edit?usp=sharing Porrill J, Ivins JP, Frisby JP (1999). The variation of torsion with vergence and elevation. Vision Res, vol 39, pgs 3934–3950.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4d1dxdnFWOUV1dEk/edit?usp=sharing Porrill J, Warren PA, Dean P (2000). A simple control law generates Listing's positions in a detailed model of the extraocular muscle system. Vision Res, vol 40, pgs 3743–3758.
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https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4Y2g5MFlvc3ZfNzg/edit?usp=sharing Schor CM (2003). Neural control of eye movements. In Adler's Physiology of the Eye, vol 10, pgs 830-858.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Schreiber KM, Tweed DB (2003). Influence of eye position on stereo matching. Strabismus, vol 11, isu 1, pgs 9-16.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4a1NXcmgzQW1XWWs/edit?usp=sharing Schutte S, van den Bedem SPW, van Keulen F, van der Heim FCT, Simonsz HJ (2006). A finite-element analysis model of orbital biomechanics. Vision Research, vol 46, isu 11, pgs 1724-1731.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4MkNWTTVrRERyTHM/edit?usp=sharing Scott AB, Collins CC (1973). Division of labor in human extraocular muscle. Arch Ophtal, vol 90, pgs 319-322.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4dFJBM0xTT3d0VkE/edit?usp=sharing Scudder CA, Fuchs AF (1992). Physiological and behavioral identification of vestibular nucleus neurons mediating the horizontal vestibuloocular reflex in trained rhesus monkeys. Journal of Neurophysiology  vol 68, isu 1, pgs 244-264.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4UHJBUk1UblFiUEU/edit?usp=sharing Scudder CA, Kaneko CR, Fuchs AF (2002). The brainstem burst generator for saccadic eye movements. Exp Brain Res, vol 142, pgs 439-462.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4TU9XNGt4aHo4Vm8/edit?usp=sharing Shall MS, Goldberg SJ (1992). Extraocular motor units: Type classification and motoneuron stimulation frequency-muscle unit force relationships. Brain Res, vol 587, pgs 291-300.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Shall MS, Dimitrova DM, Goldberg SJ (2003). Extraocular motor unit and whole-muscle contractile properties in the squirrel monkey. Exp Brain Res, vol 151, isu 3, pgs 338-345.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4X1lNUE5YVy02QVE/edit?usp=sharing Simonsz HJ (1990). The mechanics of squint surgery. Paris: CERES.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Sparks DL, Harris-Warrick RM (1997). Motor systems. Curr Op in Neurobio, vol 7, pgs 777-780.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Sparks DL (2002). The brainstem control of saccadic eye movements. Nature Rev Neurosci, vol 3, pgs 952-964.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Stashuk DW (1999). Detecting single fiber contributions to motor unit action potentials. Muscle and Nerve, vol 22, isu 2, pgs 218-229.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Sylvestre PA, Cullen KE (1999). Quantitative analysis of abducens neuron discharge dynamics during saccadic and slow eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 82, pgs 2612-2632.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Sylvestre PA, Cullen KE (2002). Dynamics of abducens nucleus neuron discharges during disjunctive saccades. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 88, pgs 3452-3468.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4cVNXZ3F5RUVqOVk/edit?usp=sharing Tamler E, Jampolski A, Marge E (1958). An electromyographic study of asymmetric convergence. Am J Ophthalmol, vol 46, pgs 174–182.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4TGF1UThXQ3FXTmM/edit?usp=sharing Tamler E, Jampolski A (1967). Is divergence active? An electromyographic study. Am J Ophthalmol, vol 63, pgs 452-459.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4VG81SVFHTWFPMEU/edit?usp=sharing Taylor AM, Steege JW, Enoka RM (2002). Motor-unit synchronization alters spike-triggered average force in simulated contractions. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 88, pgs 265-276.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4am85amtzc2ZSTG8/edit?usp=sharing Tweed DB, Vilis T (1990). Geometric relations of eye position and velocity vectors during saccades. Vision Res, vol 30, isu 1, pgs 111-127.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4emlJOVNIQWpXajA/edit?usp=sharing Tweed DB (1997). Visual-motor optimization in binocular control. Vision Res, vol 37, isu 14, pgs 1939-1951.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Tweed DB, Haslwanter TP, Happe V & Fetter M (1999). Non-commutativity in the brain. Nature, vol 399, isu 6733, pgs 261-263.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4ZE9TcFdIQ1I2Rlk/edit?usp=sharing Ugolini G, Klam F, Dans MD, Dubayle D, Brandi AM, Buettner-Ennever J, Graf W (2006). Horizontal eye movement networks in primates as revealed by retrograde transneuronal transfer of rabies virus: Differences in monosynaptic input to "slow" and "fast" abducens motoneurons. J Comp Neurol, vol 498, pgs 762–785.
https://googledrive.com/host/0B_EYLBNeI7BHN3BKdXpRbGlnYTA/ScottAB-BJO-2007-BPX-for-strabismus.pdf Van Horn MR, Cullen KE (2009). Dynamic characterization of agonist and antagonist oculomotoneurons during conjugate and disconjugate eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 102, pgs 28-40.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4THNlV1doV3BTTFk/edit?usp=sharing Wasicky R, Horn AK, Buttner-Ennever JA (2004). Twitch and nontwitch motoneuron subgroups in the oculomotor nucleus of monkeys receive different afferent projections. J Comp Neurol, vol 479, pgs 117-129.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4eWFkMXBRcE55dUE/edit?usp=sharing Weir CR, Knox PC, Dutton GN (2000). Does extraocular muscle proprioception influence oculomotor control? Br J Ophthalmol, vol 84, pgs 1071–1074.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4NE13SFNnRmdnb1k/edit?usp=sharing Young M, Paul A, Rodda J, Duxson M, Sheard P (2000). Examination of intrafascicular muscle fiber terminations: Implications for tension delivery in series-fibered muscles. Journal of Morphology, vol 245, isu 2, pgs 130-145.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4c05oNDZGQTJfNG8/edit?usp=sharing Zhou W, King WM (1998). Premotor commands encode monocular eye movements. Nature, vol 393, isu 6686, pgs 692-695.

Methods & Instrumentation

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4bGFGd3RianZRNWc/edit?usp=sharing Ashley S (2003). Artificial muscles. Sci Am, vol 289, isu 4, pgs 52-59.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4QU9fbWV6dUdVYVE/edit?usp=sharing Chronos Vision (2006). Chronos eye tracking device (C-ETD) user manual. pgs 1-98, cry Germany, pub Chronos Vision.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4LWhNS0JLRHVvbGc/edit?usp=sharing Clarke AH, Ditterich J, Druen K, Schonfeld U, Steineke C (2002). Using high frame rate CMOS sensors for three-dimensional eye tracking. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput, vol 34, isu 4, pgs 549-560.
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0BwtKcRENeR_4RG1JTE9LVC1GcWc&authuser=0 Dako (2006). Immunohistochemical staining methods, 4th edition.
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0BwtKcRENeR_4WjdMZ1lXcjBQdkU&authuser=0 Dako (2009). General instructions for immunohistochemical staining.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4RmxrV21UeDNUeXc/edit?usp=sharing Dennerlein JT, Miller JM, Mote Jr CD, Rempel DM (1997). A low profile human tendon force transducer: The influence of tendon thickness on calibration. Journal of Biomechanics, vol 30, isu 4, pgs 395-397.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4VTlRbUtYaDdXQ0U/edit?usp=sharing Entran. ESB semiconductor strain gages.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Fluke (2002). Model 187 & 189 Multimeter Users Manual. Fluke Corp, pgs 1-96.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYN01ZU0lVUUZIU0k/edit?usp=sharing Hatamian M, Anderson DJ (1983). Design Considerations for a real-time ocular counterroll instrument. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol BME-30, isu 5, pgs 278-288.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYZEUtZ1NQMjRSUW8/edit?usp=sharing Imai T, Sekine K, Hattori K, Takeda N, Koizuka I, Nakamae K, Miura K, Fujioka H, Kubo T (2005). Comparing the accuracy of video-oculography and the scleral search coil system in human eye movement analysis. Auris Nasus Larynx, vol 32, isu 1, pgs 3-9.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYU2h0UXd6VFh4eWM/edit?usp=sharing James DL, Pai DK (2004). BD-Tree: Output-sensitive collision detection for reduced deformable models. ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH 2004), vol 23, isu 3, pgs.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYMnNaOXp2dXRPSlk/edit?usp=sharing Kim SC, Nam KC, Lee WS, Kim DW (2006). A new method for accurate and fast measurement of 3D eye movements. Med Eng Phys, vol 28, isu 1, pgs 82-89.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYWWtEd1kzdzBKM0U/edit?usp=sharing Kobayashi H, Kohshima S (2001). Unique morphology of the human eye and its adaptive meaning: comparative studies on external morphology of the primate eye. Journal of Human Evolution, vol 40, isu, pgs 419-435.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Loctite (2005). The Loctite® Design Guide for Bonding Plastics, vol 6.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Loctite (2005). The Loctite® Design Guide for Bonding Rubbers and TPEs, vol 2.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Merrill DR, Bikson M, Jefferys JGR (2005). Electrical stimulation of excitable tissue: design of efficacious and safe protocols. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol 141, isu 2, pgs 171-198.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYY1dmY1NLZFlvWms/edit?usp=sharing Nakayama K (1974). Photographic determination of the rotational state of the eye using matrices. Am J Optom Physiol Opt, vol 51, isu 10, pgs 736-742.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYVVNycXpxNzNBb28/edit?usp=sharing National Instruments (1998). Strain Gauge Measurement – A Tutorial (Application Note 078). pgs 12.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYZzhmYUhTVFhvRU0/edit?usp=sharing Pai DK (2002). Strands: Interactive simulation of thin solids using cosserat models. Computer Graphics Forum, The International Journal of the Eurographics Association, vol 21, isu 3, pgs 347–352.
Pai DK, Sueda S, Wei Q (2000). Simulation of 3D neuro-musculo-skeletal systems with contact. Rutgers Univ.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Schwartz D, Lellouch J (1967) Explanatory and pragmatic attitudes in therapeutic trials. J Chron Dis, vol 20, pgs 637-648.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Skalar Medical. Chronos 2D/3D image-based eye tracker. cty Netherlands.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4V1hDb0hELVRaRnc/edit?usp=sharing Stitzel JD, Duma SM, Cormier JM, Herring IP (2002). A nonlinear finite element model of the eye with experimental validation for the prediction of globe rupture. Stapp Car Crash Journal, vol 46.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4V2R2Y2ZFQ0NGNlk/edit?usp=sharing Vishay Micro-Measurements (1992). 2100 System Strain Gage Conditioner & Amplifer System - Instruction Manual. pgs 1-29, pub Vishay.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Vishay Micro-Measurements. Signal conditioning amplifier - 2300 system. pgs 7, pub Vishay.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4TFZHeW1LbWJsMk0/edit?usp=sharing Vishay Micro-Measurements (2004). Solders, fluxes, kits, and soldering units. pgs 3.

Muscle Biology

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4UDRYU2JYc01IN3c/edit?usp=sharing Anderson BC, Christiansen SP, Grandt S, Grange RW, McLoon LK (2006). Increased extraocular muscle strength with direct injection of insulin-like growth factor-I. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 47, isu 6, pgs 2461-2467.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4Yjc4MVBpOTVxd1U/edit?usp=sharing Anderson JE (2006). The satellite cell as a companion in skeletal muscle plasticity: currency, conveyance, clue, connector and colander [Review]. The Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 209, isu, pgs 2276-2292.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4aE1GR3YyNXdpY0E/edit?usp=sharing Billington L, Carlson BM (1996). The recovery of long-term denervated rat muscles after Marcaine treatment and grafting. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol 144, isu, pgs 147-155.
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0BwtKcRENeR_4MHlDcFkxOEh1OEU&authuser=0 ChargeSBP, RudnickiMA (2004). Cellular and Molecular Regulation of Muscle Regeneration. Physiol Rev vol 84, pgs 209–238, 2004, 10.1152/physrev.00019.2003. 
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4YS02MkFXUTVOTDQ/edit?usp=sharing Christiansen SP, McLoon LK (2006). The effect of resection on satellite cell activity in rabbit extraocular muscle. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 47, isu 2, pgs 605-613.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 McLoon LK, Christiansen SP (2003). Increasing insulin-like extraocular muscle strength with growth factor II. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 44, isu 9, pgs 3866-3872.

Orbit™ In The News & Scientific Literature

These papers discuss or utilize our Orbit Gaze Mechanics Simulation.

Cabungcal JH, Misslischa H, Heppb K, Hess BJM (2002). Geometrical properties of three-dimensional binocular eye position in light sleep. Vision Research, vol 42, isu 1, pgs 89-98.
Castanera de Molina, A (1998). A biomechanical model of congenital/infantile esotropia and its treatment. Binocular Vision & Strabismus Quarterly, vol 13, isu 4, pgs 255-266.
Clark RA, Demer JL (2002). Effect of aging on human rectus extraocular muscle paths demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Ophthalmol, vol 134, isu 6, pgs 872–878.
Computer model can be used to plot out strabismus surgery. Ocular Surgery News, 1998.02.15.
Das VE, Fu LN, Mustari MJ, Tusa RJ (2004). Incomitance in Monkeys with Strabismus. Strabismus, vol 13, isu 1, pgs 33-41.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYTjNVNEFsQmI5ME0/edit?usp=sharing Demer JL, Miller JM, Poukens V (1996). Surgical implications of the rectus extraocular muscle pulleys. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus, vol 33, isu 4, pgs 208-18.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Demer JL, Clark RA, Miller JM (1998). Role of orbital connective tissue in the pathogenesis of strabismus. American Orthoptic Journal, vol 48, pgs 56-64.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Demer JL, Clark RA, Miller JM (1999). Heterotopy of extraocular muscle pulleys causes incomitant strabismus. In Lennerstrand G (Ed), Advances in Strabismology, pgs 91-94. cty Amsterdam, pub Swets.
Demer JL, Kono R, Wright W, Oh SY, Clark RA (2002). Gaze-related orbital pulley shift: a novel cause of incomitant strabismus. In de Faber JT (Ed) Progress in Strabismology, Lisse, The Netherlands: Swets and Zeitlinger, pgs 207–210.
Demer JL, Clark RA (2005). Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Human Extraocular Muscles During Static Ocular Counter-Rolling. Journal of Neurophysiology, vol 94, pgs 3292-3302.
Foster, RS (1997). Vertical muscle transposition augmented with lateral fixation. JAAPOS, vol 1, isu 1, pgs 20-30.
Haslwanter T, Hoerantner R, Priglinger S (2004). Reduction of ocular muscle power by splitting of the rectus muscle I: Biomechanics. Br J Ophthalmol, vol 88, pgs 1403-1408.
Hoerantner R, Kaltofen T, Priglinger S, Fock CM, Buchberger M and Haslwanter T (2007). Model-Based Improvements in the Treatment of Patients with Strabismus and Axial High Myopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, vol 48, isu 3, pgs 1133-1138.
Koene, AR, Erkelens CJ (2002). Cause of kinematic differences during centrifugal and centripetal saccades. Vision Research, vol 42, pgs 1797-1808.
Koene AR, Erkelens CJ (2004). Properties of 3D rotations and their relation to eye movement control. Biol Cybern, vol 90, isu 6, pgs 410–417.
Kono R, Poukens V, Demer JL (2002). Quantitative Analysis of the Structure of the Human Extraocular Muscle Pulley System. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 43, no 9, pgs 2923-2932.
Kono R, Poukens V, Demer JL (2005). Superior Oblique Muscle Layers in Monkeys and Humans. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 46, isu 8, pgs 2790-2799.
Kono R, Okanobu R, Ohtsuki H, Demer JL (2008). Displacement of the Rectus Muscle Pulleys Simulating Superior Oblique Palsy. Jpn J Ophthalmol, vol 52, isu 1, pgs 36-43.
Krzizok TH, Kaufmann H, Traupe H (1997). Elucidation of restrictive motility in high myopia by magnetic resonance imaging. Arch Ophthalmol, vol 115, pgs 1019-1027.
Krzizok TH, Schroeder BU (1999). Measurement of recti eye muscle paths by magnetic resonance imaging in highly myopic and normal subjects. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science.
Kushner BJ (2006). How Do Recessions and Resections of Extraocular Muscles Work? Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, vol 10, isu 4, pgs 291-292.
Maxwell JS, Schor CM (1994). Mechanisms of vertical phoria adaptation revealed by time-course and two-dimensional spatiotopic maps. Vision Res, vol 34, isu 2, pgs 241-51.
Maxwell JS, Schor CM (2006). The coordination of binocular eye movements: Vertical and torsional alignment. Vision Research, vol 46, isu 21, pgs 3537-3548.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4ZmF4U0kxc1BIN00/edit?usp=sharing Migliaccio AA, Cremer PD, Aw ST, Halmagyi GM (2004). Vergence-Mediated Changes in Listing’s Plane Do Not Occur in an Eye with Superior Oblique Palsy. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 45, isu 9, pgs 3043-3047.
Miller AM, Mims III JL (2006). The Influence of Pulleys on the Quantitative Characteristics of Medial Rectus Muscle Recessions: The Torque Vector Model. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, vol 10, isu 4, pgs 318-323.
Narasimhan A, Tychsen L, Poukens V, Demer JL (2007). Horizontal Rectus Muscle Anatomy in Naturally and Artificially Strabismic Monkeys. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 48, isu 6, pgs 2576-2588.
Oh SY, Clark RA, Velez F, Rosenbaum AL, Demer JL (2002). Incomitant Strabismus Associated with Instability of Rectus Pulleys. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 43, no 7, pgs 2169–2178.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Porrill J, Warren PA, Dean P (2000). A simple control law generates Listing's positions in a detailed model of the extraocular muscle system. Vision Research, vol 40, isu 27, pgs 3743-3758.
Ramasamy B, Rowe F, Whitfield K, Nayak H, Noonan CP (2007). Bilateral combined resection and recession of the medial rectus muscle for convergence excess esotropia. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, vol 11, isu 3, pgs 307-309.
Schor CM, Maxwell JS, McCandless J, Graf E (2002). Adaptive Control of Vergence in Humans. Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 956, pgs 297–305.
Software Review: Program Simulates Orbit Gaze Mechanics. Ophthalmology World News, 1995.12.
Steffen H, Walker MF, Zee D (2000). Rotation of listing's plane with convergence: independence from eye position. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol 41, isu 3, pgs 715-721. 
Straumann D, Steffen H, Landau K, Bergamin O, Mudgil AV, Walker MF, Guyton DL, Zee DS (2003). Primary Position and Listing’s Law in Acquired and Congenital Trochlear Nerve Palsy. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science  vol 44, no 10, pgs 4282–4292.
Thacker NM, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL (2005). Combined Adjustable Rectus Muscle Resection—Recession for Incomitant Strabismus. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, vol 9, isu 2, pgs 137-140.
The Role of Biomechanical Analysis in the Management of Complicated Strabismus. Jules Stein Eye Institute – UCLA Clinical Update, 1996.09. 
Warren PA, Porrill J, Dean P (2004). Consistency of Listing’s law and reciprocal innervation with pseudo-inverse control of eye position in 3-D. Biol Cybern, vol 91, pgs 1-9.
Weber KP, Landau K, Palla A, Haslwanter T, Straumann D (2004). Ocular Rotation Axes during Dynamic Bielschowsky Head-Tilt Testing in Unilateral Trochlear Nerve Palsy. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science  vol 45, isu 2, pgs 455-465. 
Weiss AH, Phillips JO (2006). Hypertropia Associated With Superolateral Translation of the Superior Rectus Muscle Pulley in Unilateral Coronal Synostosis. Arch Ophthalmol, vol 124, pgs 1128-1134.

Other Topics

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwtKcRENeR_4M1N0aFRaVng2dG8/edit?usp=sharing Betelak KF, Margiotti EA, Wohlford ME, Suzuki DA (2001). The use of titanium implants and prosthodontic techniques in the preparation of non-human primates for long-term neuronal recording studies. J Neurosci Methods, vol 112, isu 1, pgs 9-20.
https://sites.google.com/a/eidactics.com/eidactics/references/PDF%2032x24.jpg?attredirects=0 Cohen JI, Davenport DS, Stewart JA, Deitchman S, Hilliard JK, Chapman LE (2002). Recommendations for prevention of and therapy for exposure to B virus (cercopithecine herpesvirus 1). Clin Infect Dis, vol 35, isu 10, pgs 1191-1203.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B47AcZH5Z0kYTC1vSWRzdjdSdTQ/edit?usp=sharing Foeller P, Tychsen L (2002). Eye movement training and recording in alert macaque monkeys: 1. Operant visual conditioning; 2. Magnetic search coil and head restraint surgical implantation; 3. Calibration and recording. Strabismus, vol 10, isu 1, pgs 5-22.
National Institute of Mental Health (2002). Methods and Welfare Considerations in Behavioral Research with Animals: Report of a National Institutes of Health Workshop (NIH Publication 02-5083). cty: Washington, DC, pub: U.S. Government Printing Office.